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PROYDE will provide the Volunteers with all the necessary information about the person Responsible for the Host Community and the Community itself: addresses, telephone numbers, emails, etc. PROYDE contracts travel insurance for volunteers, which includes common contingencies during their stay.

This insurance is nominal and will take a copy and the protocols of action and contact in Spain with the insurance company. The Summer Volunteers take their trips back and forth to the country they travel to, paid and closed.

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When this is required by the country to which they are traveling, they will keep their visas in order and for the entire time of their stay. The Host Community ensures any other administrative procedure necessary for the country, such as Letter of Invitation, Confirmation or Extension of Visas, procedures with the local immigration authorities, etc. Likewise, during the stay, they will provide the volunteers, if necessary, assistance in case of loss or theft of documents, contact with the Spanish Consular Authorities, airlines, etc. The expenses not covered with the contribution of the Volunteers, is PROYDE who completes them with their own economic resources so that the project to be carried out, the stay and other trips of the Volunteers are attended.

For PROYDE, the formation of Volunteering is an essential part of its action and not only because it is one of the obligations set out in the aforementioned Volunteer Law. As regards Summer Volunteering, two complementary training courses are established. OnLine Training through the Virtual Classroom. This training includes evaluation questionnaires, practical exercises, and exchanges between them and with experienced International Volunteers through chats and forums.

These face-to-face training meetings aim to become known as a group and prepare the "Group Project"; prepare in common the tasks they will perform at the place of destination and the individual tasks, if any; reflect on some of the contents of the OnLine Course and prepare to act with common criteria as a Group and as envoys for PROYDE.

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Volunteers from previous summers tend to attend these meetings to guide those who will participate immediately. This participation, in addition to providing security to the Volunteers and advising on practical issues, is part of the necessary continuity in the commitments of PROYDE and the Community that hosts Volunteer Groups for an agreed period of time 5.

For PROYDE, International Volunteering in general and Summer Volunteering in particular, are its visible face in the places where they go and in this sense they acquire a particularly important responsibility. PROYDE will send, in sufficient time, to the Host Community the names of the participants as well as a brief summary of each one, the "Project of the Group" and any other document that it considers important so that there is prior knowledge of Volunteers. PROYDE will provide the Volunteers with all the necessary information about the person Responsible for the Host Community and the Community itself: addresses, telephone numbers, emails, etc.

PROYDE contracts travel insurance for volunteers, which includes common contingencies during their stay. This insurance is nominal and will take a copy and the protocols of action and contact in Spain with the insurance company. The Summer Volunteers take their trips back and forth to the country they travel to, paid and closed. When this is required by the country to which they are traveling, they will keep their visas in order and for the entire time of their stay.

The Host Community ensures any other administrative procedure necessary for the country, such as Letter of Invitation, Confirmation or Extension of Visas, procedures with the local immigration authorities, etc. Likewise, during the stay, they will provide the volunteers, if necessary, assistance in case of loss or theft of documents, contact with the Spanish Consular Authorities, airlines, etc.

The expenses not covered with the contribution of the Volunteers, is PROYDE who completes them with their own economic resources so that the project to be carried out, the stay and other trips of the Volunteers are attended. For PROYDE, the formation of Volunteering is an essential part of its action and not only because it is one of the obligations set out in the aforementioned Volunteer Law.

As regards Summer Volunteering, two complementary training courses are established. OnLine Training through the Virtual Classroom. This training includes evaluation questionnaires, practical exercises, and exchanges between them and with experienced International Volunteers through chats and forums. These face-to-face training meetings aim to become known as a group and prepare the "Group Project"; prepare in common the tasks they will perform at the place of destination and the individual tasks, if any; reflect on some of the contents of the OnLine Course and prepare to act with common criteria as a Group and as envoys for PROYDE.

Although this phenomenon is not new, the pressure to publish has increased in recent years, to the extent that for many researchers publishing has become a goal in itself.

Publishing the findings of research has shifted from being the natural result of research to becoming its only goal. Over the last few decades, a "culture of scientific publication in impact factor journals" has developed in several countries. Scientific books in general and textbooks in particular are losing importance even in the training of undergraduate students, and reading and discussing scientific papers is increasingly valued.

The format of doctoral dissertations has also changed, and more and more of them include a compilation of articles published in impact factor journals. Moreover, in the processes used to select and promote lecturers and researchers, the most important aspect is the number of articles they have published in journals with a high impact factor. In this context of worship of the impact factor, the proliferation of bibliometric indicators seems unstoppable. There is currently an obsession to create and use indicators and every time a new indicator is created a proliferation of variations are quickly developed, to the extent that one may wonder whether this is pathological.

There is an excessive eagerness to quantify scientific production in all spheres. Hence, it would be absurd to argue that a publication has higher or lower quality depending on the language or the country in which it was published. For all these reasons, it is not surprising to note that there are movements against using and abusing this way of evaluating science. For example, the European Association of Science Editors EASE published a manifesto stating that the impact factor was developed to measure the impact of scientific journals but started to be used to measure the quality of scientific journals as well; later, it was also used to measure the quality of individual articles and eventually became a tool to measure the productivity of researchers themselves based on the cumulated impact factor of the journals where they publish their research.

It is currently used in any assessment of academic merit or eligibility for research funding. The EASE recommends that the impact factor should be used only to compare journals, not to assess researchers. In short, the idea is to return to the beginning and use the impact factor for the purpose originally intended by Garfield and Gross and Gross when they developed the predecessor of the impact factor, that is, as an index to compare journals.

Another important criticism of the abuse of the impact factor to assess research has been made by the American Society for Cell Biology It affects even the most prestigious journals such as Nature, Science, Cell, whose publishing policies have been questioned by Nobel Prize laureates Lawrence, ; Schekman, Similarly to the EASE manifesto, the DORA proposes that the impact factor should not be used to select or promote researchers or to make decisions on allocating funding for research.

These approaches are consistent with the results of a study on the opinion of a sample of over 1, scientists from 86 countries with studies published in journals indexed in the Web of Science WoS. Internet-based Technologies and Marketing of CV.

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In recent years, partly as a result of the progress made in Internet-based technologies, for many researchers this eagerness to publish in impact factor journals has largely become an obsession to obtain, exhibit, and showcase the indicators of their production in such journals. There are websites in which researchers can display their ResearcherID profile and other indicators of their publications e. The promoters of these websites use slogans such as "ResearcherID increases your visibility and recognition", "this Web application has been developed to promote knowledge of researchers and their publications" or "it will only take you ten minutes to create your ResearcherID profile if you follow the instructions.

Francis Galton built and published a table of scores where visitors could compare their measures with those of others. Today, the measurement of physical variables has been replaced with the measurement of scientific production. For authors who advertise themselves on the above-mentioned websites, the quality of published articles and whether they contribute to learning is no longer important. What is important is the numbers they can provide on their scientific production and being able to display them publicly so that their colleagues are continually informed of how "their numbers" increase and at the same time to try and obtain more citations through marketing so that their indicators continue to increase.

The authors affected by quantophrenia resort to many strategies to advertise their publications. For example, they use Really Simple Syndication RSS , a system that allows them to insert contents in various web pages and disseminate contents. Web 2. It is difficult to determine the prevalence of this possible disorder or dishonest behavior, first of all because nobody knows how many publications contain false data. Given that only the cases that have been discovered are known, the true figure is likely to be significantly higher. However, this does not provide information on the number of cases, as such bodies only explore cases reported or under suspicion and tend to focus on disciplines related to health sciences.

Although a greater number of fraudulent studies has been discovered in recent years, this may be due to the fact that awareness about fraudulent research has increased among researchers and measures against misconduct have been strengthened Fanelli, The number of researchers who falsify their CV - intentionally or not - is not known either. However, some studies can provide guidance on this.

Such publications included meeting abstracts, editorial material, book reviews and several duplicated articles, among others.

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Similar results were obtained by Fang, Steen, and Casadevall when they reviewed over two thousand life-science and biomedical research articles indexed by PubMed as retracted. In some studies, researchers have explored data falsification and other dishonest behavior focusing on scientists themselves. Results vary depending on whether participants are asked about falsification or manipulation of data. Respondents reported significantly higher rates of such behaviors when they are asked about their colleagues.

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Similar results were found by John, Loewenstein, and Prelec The most concerning finding is that the increase in such fraudulent practices has been exponential in the last decade Brumback, This indicates that this behavior is frequent among researchers and does not constitute a series of isolated events. Therefore, it is important to analyze the psychological aspects and legal consequences of this possible disorder or dishonest behavior.

There are multiple reasons why researchers falsify studies or their CV. Unfortunately, this is not easy to explore, since not many scientists are willing to explain why they carry out such dishonest behaviors.

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According to Wouters and Costas , one of the reasons is the high level of narcissism of some researchers. It should be noted that it is relatively easy to falsify data and the chances of being discovered are low. This, along with the high pressure to publish and the international context in which "you are nobody if you don't publish" has created a breeding ground for such dishonest practices. This has consequences for the individual researcher but also for the institution where he or she works, which is also responsible for his or her work in legal terms.

The consequences for readers are no less important given that, in health sciences, for example, fraudulent results may lead to changes in medical practice and cause damage to patients' health. The ethical consequences of such practices are as relevant as the legal implications, given that the credibility of the system of scientific publications is based on the belief that researchers are honest. Thus, every time a scientific fraud is discovered, the belief in science is jeopardized, particularly when researchers themselves falsify their own CV.

It is obvious that the credibility of the studies conducted by such researchers is extremely low, as anybody who falsifies their CV is suspicious of falsifying their research. In short, this affects the scientific community and the society for which such authors work.